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Business and Economics

This section highlights some of the most helpful resources about Business and Economic issues in KCResearch on the topics listed below. Many of the resources also aim to answer some of the questions that you might have. This guide will help answer questions like:

  • I’m buying a home in Overland Park, and selling my home in Kansas City, Kansas. What’s the property tax rate difference between the two localities?
  • How does the current minimum wage compare to the estimated living wage for Kansas City?
  • I’m considering applying to nursing school. What’s the average salary for nurses in Kansas City?

Cost of Living

Consumer Price Index (CPI) for Kansas City

CPI explained

Produced by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure estimating the average price of consumer goods and services purchased by households over time. It is based on the price change for a constant market basket of goods and services from one period to the next within a given region. The first link is a report that provides the CPI for the Kansas City metropolitan area from the first half of 2009 to the first half of 2010. The second link explains, in more, detail about what the Consumer Price Index is.

The Cost of Living Index for Missouri, which includes Data on Kansas City

Cost of Living Index Homepage

Taken from the annual report generated by Council for Community and Economic Research (C2ER), the Cost of Living Index offers city-to-city comparisons of costs of various types of goods and services in several hundred urban areas. The data used to generate the report featured on the Missouri Economic Research and Information Center’s website uses the information from the C2ER’s report, and has interpreted it into a graph and map to show how Missouri stacks up against the rest of the nation and how Kansas City fares among other cities in Missouri.
The full report may be accessed for an additional fee from C2ER’s website.

Economic Development

The 2010 State New Economy Index: Benchmarking Economic Transformation In the States

In this 2010 report by the International technology and Information foundation (ITIF) and the Kauffman foundation, researchers used 29 indicators to assess the extent to which state economies (including those of Kansas and Missouri) are knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, information technology-driven, and innovation-based — that is, structured and operating according to the tenets of the New Economy. The report ranks the states accordingly. With these rankings as a frame of reference, the report describes new, state-level public policies needed to meet contemporary economic challenges.
2008 version
2007 version

Embracing Dynamism: The Next Phase in Kansas Economic Development Policy

This 2010 report was produced by Dr. Arthur P. Hall, the executive director at the Center for Applied Economics at the University of Kansas School of Business. The report was underwritten and published by Kansas, Inc., an independent, non-partisan organization established in 1985 in an effort to conduct economic research and analysis relevant to the state’s ongoing economic development efforts. Included within the report are critiques of Kansas’ existing economic development policy, and recommendations for its improvement. In particular, the report suggests that the present “industry-centric” focus of economic development efforts should be discarded in favor of a “region-centric” focus.

Income and Wages

Pulling Apart: A State-by-State Analysis of Income Trends

This study, based on inflation-adjusted Census Bureau data, examines income inequality at the state level. Analysis covers post-federal tax changes in real incomes among high-, middle-, and low-income families in each of the 50 states from the late 1970s to the late 1980s until recently, examining similar points in the business cycle. Data has been adjusted to account for inflation, the impact of federal taxes, and the cash value of food stamps, subsidized school lunches, housing vouchers, and other government transfers, such as Social Security and welfare benefits. The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and the Economic Policy Institute — both Washington, D.C. based non-profit research and policy institutes — contributed to this study.

Kansas City, MO–KS National Compensation Survey: August 2010

The National Compensation Survey is an annually updated report by the Bureau of Labor and statistics, the most recent version uses data taken from 2010, but was published in 2011. In this report, tables summarize results for the Kansas City Metropolitan Statistical Area including wage information for employees in a variety of occupations and at different work levels. 906,200 employees and 285 establishments in private industry and state and local government are represented. Agricultural establishments, private households, the self-employed, and the Federal Government were excluded from the survey. Also contained in the report is a technical note describing survey procedures, and an appendix with detailed information on occupational classifications.

Income Data and Charts for Kansas City, Missouri

Income Data and Charts for Kansas City, Kansas

City Data uses data from 2009 research to chart income in Kansas City among different demographics. Additionally, it provides information regarding income distribution, types of occupations across demographics. The data is presented in pie and bar graphs for quick visual understanding of information.


The Kansas City Region: Economic Opportunity in the Heartland

Sponsored by the Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program, this 2005 paper discusses Kansas City’s industry composition — that is, the concentrations of related businesses and industries that compose the local economic base. Comparisons to national industries are included. The paper aims to assess Kansas City’s industrial specialization and diversification, as well as its role in the broader regional economy.

Long-Term Industry Trends in the Regions of Kansas, 1969-2000: Part I — An Industry Focus

This 2005 report was jointly prepared by Dr. Arthur Hall, executive director of the Center for Applied Economics at the University of Kansas School of Business and Dr. Peter Orazem, Koch Visiting Professor of Business Economics at the University of Kansas School of Business. In addition to a historical overview of Kansas’ economy, the report provides a reference for comparing specific industry performance trends throughout varying regions within the state, and the nation. According to the authors’ discussion of methodology, “This report relies on the close correlation in Kansas between per-worker compensation and productivity in order to use the trends in per-worker compensation as a proxy for relative productivity trends among the various regions of Kansas.” This report is the first of seven companion reports that consider long-term economic trends in Kansas from varying perspectives.


Property Tax Comparisons Among Kansas Localities and Select Cities of the United States

This 2006 study was underwritten and published by Kansas, Inc., an independent, non-partisan organization established in 1985 in an effort to conduct economic research and analysis relevant to the state’s ongoing economic development efforts. The study uses hypothetical homestead, commercial, and industrial properties to accurately compare property tax burdens across 118 Kansas localities and selected cities throughout the United States, over decade-by-decade intervals, from 1975 to 2005. An appendix to the report includes methodology and assumptions.

The Effect of Proposed Tax Reforms on Metropolitan Housing Prices

Sponsored by the Tax Institute of the Urban Institute and Brookings Institution, this 2010 study explains a potential effect of the Obama Administration’s proposed tax reform upon equilibrium housing prices in twenty-three metropolitan areas, including Kansas City. Although none of President Obama’s proposed tax reforms are directed at changing the value of housing, the results of the study indicate that the tax proposal could reduce home values, further weakening an already diminished housing sector.

The Property Tax in Missouri

This brief report prepared by Brad Hudson, a Missouri county assessor, provides information concerning the state’s property tax system. The report explains how property taxes are assessed and levied in Missouri, and how they affect individual taxpayers.

Homeowner’s Guide to Property tax in Kansas

The Homeowner’s guide to property tax is a concise guide prepared by the Barton county Assessor in Kansas explaining how personal property is valued and assessed for tax purposes. It also includes information that every Kansas homeowner should know about when and how to list property.

Work and Unemployment

2006 - 2016 Kansas Occupational Outlook: Executive Summary

Produced by the Kansas Department of Labor, this report provides a ten-year projection for job availability in various industries and occupations throughout Kansas. Data is specified for seven regions within the state, including the Kansas City region. Projections were produced using 2006 as the base-year employment. Wage and educational information are also included in the report.

Missouri's Employment Outlook 2006-2016

This report, produced by the Missouri Economic Research and Information Center’s (MERIC) Projections Group, provides both industry and occupational employment projections, estimating the state’s growth and decline in jobs, output, and labor force over the ten-year period of 2006-2016. The projections program is federally funded through the Employment and Training Administration, an agency within the United States Department of Labor. MERIC’s multi-step methodology used for developing employment projections — based on past and present trends — is fully described within the report.

County Employment and Wages



Issued by the United States Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics, these reports present employment and wages data provided by employers at the county level. 98 percent of jobs are represented. The report for Kansas covers the second quarter of 2010; the report for Missouri covers the third quarter of 2010. Wage changes and average weekly wages are provided for large counties including Shawnee, Johnson, and Wyandotte in Kansas, and Clay and Jackson in Missouri. Average weekly wages for smaller counties are also included.


This section highlights some of the most helpful resources about Education issues in KCResearch on the topics listed below. Many of the resources also aim to answer some of the questions that you might have. This guide will help answer questions like:

  • Is there a correlation between the amount of money spent on K-12 education in the Kansas City metropolitan area and educational outcomes?
  • How do student achievement gains in local charter schools compare to those in local public schools?
  • What are the average ACT and SAT scores for college bound seniors in the Kansas City metropolitan region?

After School Programs

State After School Profiles



These profiles were created by the Afterschool Investments project. The Afterschool Investments project, a project of the United States Department of Health and Human Services Administration, provides technical assistance to Child Care and Development Fund grantees and other State and local leaders supporting afterschool efforts. The profiles describe the character of afterschool programs and compare afterschool activities throughout the two states. Afterschool programs, as reviewed in the profiles, may occur before and after school, on weekends, and during summer months.

After 3PM: After School Program Reports



These 2009 reports were conducted by the Afterschool Alliance and sponsored by the JCPenney Afterschool Fund. The reports contain the results of surveys conducted in an effort to determine how many children in Kansas and how many children in Missouri attend afterschool programs, how many are unsupervised after school, and how these numbers compare to five years ago. Similar reports were completed for each of the fifty states. Nearly 30,000 households across the country were surveyed.

Charter Schools

Charter Schools in Missouri: Student Achievement and Best Practices

This 2010 study was produced by Missouri’s Joint Committee on Education. The study provides a comparative analysis between student achievement gains in Kansas City and Saint Louis public and charter schools. A value-added model was used for the evaluation. The study also includes a review of administrative and instructional best practices. Data for this review was supplied through administrator and teacher interviews in Kansas City and Saint Louis.

Multiple Choice: Charter School Performance in 16 States

Conducted by the Center for Research on Education Outcomes at Stanford University, this report provides a longitudinal analysis of charter schools on student performance. Student-level data covers 65-70% of the nation’s charter schools, including those within Missouri. The data, accessed through student data systems and student achievement testing, is current as of the 2007-2008 school year. The report also presents state-level analyses concerning policy options.

Putting Performance on the Map: Locating quality schools in the Kansas City, Missouri School District

The Kauffman Foundation provided this report of charter schools as well as schools in the Kansas City, Missouri Public School District (KCMSD) to provide a comparative report about schools in each zip code of the KCMSD featuring statistics and analysis of performance and enrollment data.

Higher Education

Foresight 2020: A Strategic Agenda for Kansas Higher Education

In 2010, The Kansas Board of Regents generated this plan for the next ten years of higher education development in the state of Kansas. It is based on five pillars, generated in 2008; but Foresight 2010 takes it further, providing specific objectives for institutions to aim for.

Kansas Higher Education Enrollment Report (KHEER)

The Kansas Board of Regents assembled reports concerning enrollment for Kansas Institutions of Higher education including public four year colleges and universities, two year community colleges, technical schools, and independent and private institutions. Users may click on the year and select the type of institution to see the results.

Enhanced Statistical Summary of Missouri Higher Education

Produced by the Missouri Department of Higher Education (MDHE) The Enhanced Statistical Summary of Missouri Education is a way for researchers to access data concerning Higher education in Missouri from 1994 to the present in numerous categories. Clicking on specific reports will direct users to a customizable, interactive table of data concerning a given topic.

Imperatives for Change: Baseline Report

Produced by the Missouri Department of Higher Education (MDHE), the Imperatives For Change (IFC) baseline report provides key statistical information that constructs the basis for Missouri’s strategic plan to improve higher education.

Public Schools

2009-2010 Missouri Public School Accountability Report

Each year, the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education publishes an online “school accountability report card” for each public school district, each building and each charter school. This document provides a statewide report card on key accountability measures about Missouri public schools, including information required by the federal No Child Left Behind Act. The purpose of the annual reports is to give parents, educators, policy makers, and the public a consistent, easy-to-use summary of vital statistics about Missouri’s public education system, pre-kindergarten to grade 12District Reports
Individual District Reports can be retrieved by clicking the second link and choosing which district you would like to see results for. The district report will provide researchers with more detailed information concerning district accountability in the Missouri Public Schools.

K-12 Public School Finance in Missouri: An Overview

This 2006 article was co-written by Michael Podgursky, professor of economics at the University of Missouri–Columbia, and Matthew G. Springer, assistant director for policy research at the Peabody Center for Education Policy, Vanderbilt University. The article examine policies that have generated school funding in Missouri, as well as the outcomes of these policies in relation to overall school spending and inter-district spending gaps.

Elementary and Secondary Education in Kansas: Estimating the Costs of K-12 Education Using Two Approaches

These 2006 cost study analyses were conducted and reported by the Legislative Division of Post Audit of the State of Kansas. Both analyses aimed to estimate the cost of public elementary and secondary education in Kansas. The first study used an input-based approach to estimate the cost to school districts of providing curriculum, services, and programs mandated by State statute; and of meeting graduation requirements developed by the State Board of Education and scholarship and college admissions requirements developed by the State Board of Regents. The second study used an outcomes-based approach to estimate the cost to school districts of meeting the educational performance outcome standards set by the Board of Education.

Student Achievement

ACT Profile Reports: 2010 Graduating Class



These reports were produced by ACT, Inc., an independent not-for-profit organization whose services include education assessment and research. The reports provide information concerning the performance of 2009 graduating seniors in Kansas and Missouri who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors. According to ACT, Inc., the reports focus upon “(1) Performance: student test performance in the context of college readiness; (2) Access: number of your graduates exposed to college entrance testing and the percent of race/ethnicity participation; (3) Course Selection: percent of students pursuing a core curriculum; (4) Course Rigor: impact of rigorous coursework on achievement; (5) College Readiness: percent of students meeting ACT College Readiness Benchmark Scores in each content area; (6) Awareness: extent to which student aspirations match performance; and (7) Articulation: colleges and universities to which your students send test results.”

Testing in Kansas: an Overview

Standardized tests are the most common modern measures of student achievement in schools. Most states issue annual tests to measure reading, science, math, and history-government. This article outlines the testing process of the Kansas State Assessment including information on test administration, scoring, and preparation.

Kansas State Assessment Test Scores

Using this online tool, users can select a city and the name of a school in that city and view the results from the annually issued Kansas State Assessment, a measure of student and teacher achievement in schools.

Testing In Missouri: an Overview

This article outlines how standardized tests in Missouri are administered as well as providing information about scoring and regularity of testing reading and math as well as science, writing and social studies assessments. Standardized tests are a common feature of the modern education system, as they are used as a measure of student achievement.

2010 College-Bound Seniors State Profile Report



These reports, prepared by College Board, presents data for 2010 high school graduates who participated in the SAT program. For students who took the SAT more than once, only the most recent SAT responses are summarized.

Land Use and Urban Planning

This section highlights some of the most helpful resources about Land Use and Urban Planning issues in KCResearch on the topics listed below. Many of the resources also aim to answer some of the questions that you might have. This guide will help answer questions like:

  • What is light rail transportation? How would the introduction of light rail affect Kansas City?
  • What is tax increment financing (TIF)? Are TIFs contributing to regional urban sprawl?
  • What services does the housing department of Kansas City offer for economically disadvantaged people?

Central Business Districts

Quality of Life Plan Update 2009-2014: Downtown KcK Community

This report was produced by the Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) of Greater Kansas City’s Neighborhoods Now Program. The report provides an overview of planning priorities for the downtown Kansas City community for the years 2009 through 2014. Crime and safety, physical redevelopment, and economic development are addressed.

Downtown Kansas City Major Investment Map

Created by the downtown Kansas City Council in 2009, this map of downtown Kansas City illustrates major investment projects by use and location. The map lists the categories of investment—office, convention center and hotel, arts, culture and entertainment, religious, mixed-use, manufacturing, healthcare, and parking and transportation—as well as the amount of capital invested in each project.

Greater Downtown Kansas City Plan

Generated by the City of Kansas City, Missouri, the plan for greater downtown is a document that details a collective vision for the future of the greater downtown area of Kansas City. The plan covers everything from housing to transportation to education and how to best execute the goals outlined in the plan. Appendices cover how the city plans to integrate green building initiatives and involve the community. Overall, it is an excellent document for citizens to see what the city has planned for future development and how they intend to accomplish goals as a city.

Highways and Streets

State Transportation Improvement Program: Fiscal Year 2010-2013

This report from the Kansas Department of Transportation (KSDOT) reviews the Kansas Department of Transportation’s Statewide Transportation Improvement Program. Included are statewide public transit projects, federal lands highway program projects, and street and highway projects to be administered by the Kansas Department of Transportation for the fiscal years 2010 through 2013.

Key Facts About Missouri’s Surface Transportation System and Federal Funding

This 2011 fact sheet was produced by The Road Information Project (TRIP), a Washington, DC based nonprofit organization promoting policies designed to improve traffic conditions. The fact sheet includes an evaluation of the physical condition of Missouri’s extensive system of roads, highways, and bridges as well as a discussion of potential funding opportunities available for its improvement.


Kansas City, Missouri’s Consolidated Plan 2007-2011

This resource from the Housing Authority of Kansas City (HAKC) is a five year plan for public housing in Kansas City, Missouri that was submitted to the Housing and Urban Development department of the federal government in order to continue to receive funding for public housing. The plan assesses community needs and outlines efforts for the future to satisfy the needs of the community, including sections about Community Development Block Grants, the Home investment Partnership, Housing Opportunities for persons with AIDS, and the Emergency Shelter Grant.

Residential Construction Trends in America’s Metropolitan Regions

This 2010 report released by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) explores trends in residential construction in core metropolitan areas, including Kansas City, Missouri and Kansas City, Kansas. The report outlines the EPA’s study of residential building permits in metropolitan regions from 1990 to 2008. The purpose of this study was to clarify if there has been a shift toward redevelopment, and in which regions the shift has been most significant.

A City Without Slums: Urban renewal, Public Housing, and Downtown revitalization in Kansas City, Missouri

In this 2001 paper urban sociologist, Kevin Gotham, takes an academic look at how public housing has developed in Kansas City in the decades following World War II. By exploring issues of race and class, Gotham provides a critical analysis of how urban development has linked with public housing by examining the long-term effects of each.

Public Transportation

Clean Commute: Alternative Transportation Guide for the Greater Kansas City Area

Produced by Bridging The Gap’s Clean Commute Program, this 2008 report details public transit options in the Kansas City Area. Included in the report are schedules, fares, routes, and other information of assistance to residents using the area’s two major public modes of transit: The Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (The Metro) and The Johnson County Transit (The JO).

Kansas City Light Rail Video Simulation

This video made by the Kansas City Area Transit Authority (KCATA) simulates a hypothetical light rail route for Kansas City. The transit route in the video — from Vivion Road and North Oak Trafficway to Bruce R. Watkins Roadway and 63rd Street — was the proposed route on the November 2008 ballot that voters did not approve. It has been included to demonstrate one of the many light rail propositions that Kansas Citians have seen in the last 20 years.

SmartMoves: Regional Transit Vision

Drafted by the Mid-America Regional Council (MARC), this 2008 document updates the Smart Moves Regional Transit Vision, metropolitan Kansas City’s plan for expanded and enhanced regional transit service, which was originally conceived in 2002. The objectives of the Smart Moves update are multifold: to develop a service framework to help coordinate local and regional transit planning efforts currently underway; to provide an opportunity to expand upon newly developed local strategies and studies; and to evaluate the possibilities of light rail and other transit technologies.

Urban Sprawl

TIF, Greenfields, and Sprawl: How an Incentive Created to Alleviate Slums Has Come to Subsidize Upscale Malls and New Urbanist Developments

This 2008 article by Greg LeRoy was published in the American Planning Association’s journal, Planning & Environmental Law. In the article, LeRoy explains the unintended, negative effects of economic development incentives — including tax increment financing — that were originally created to combat sprawl away from urban centers

To Sprawl or Not To Sprawl: A National Perspective for Kansas City

Published in 1998, this lecture was originally presented by Dr. Robert H. Freilich, professor emeritus at the University of Missouri, Kansas City School of Law in 1997. The lecture was presented as part of Charles N. Kimball Lecture Series sponsored by the Western Historical Manuscript Collection of Kansas City. In his lecture, Dr. Freilich provides an analysis of urban sprawl and other urban planning issues.

Landscape Effects of Urban Sprawl: Spatial and Temporal Analyses Using Remote Sensing Images and Landscape Metrics

This 2008 article by Wei Ji, Ph.D.—of the University of Missouri at Kansas City’s Department of Geosciences—presents a study of the landscape effects of urban sprawl within the metropolitan Kansas City area. Dr. Ji used remotely sensed data and landscape metrics to identify long-term trends and subtle patterns of urban land changes over the past three decades, enabling a comparison and characterization of regional urban sprawl.

Law Enforcement

This section highlights some of the most helpful resources about Law Enforcement issues in KCResearch on the topics listed below. Many of the resources also aim to answer some of the questions that you might have. This guide will help answer questions like:

  • Where can I find 2009 crime statistics for the Kansas City region?
  • What percentage of Missouri residents report regular marijuana use?
  • I live in Clay County. Are there domestic violence assistance programs in my area?

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence Offenders in Missouri: a Study on Recidivism

This study by Eric Chambers and Mark Crispin on behalf of the Missouri State Highway Patrol features information about repeat domestic violence offenders in Missouri. The study is broken down into sectional analysis providing background on the state of domestic violence cases in Missouri and the states’ laws. Additionally, the authors address the effect of the way domestic violence cases are tried in court as an influence on the trend towards repeat offenses.

Domestic Violence Programs in the Kansas City, Missouri Metropolitan Area

This list, provided by the Missouri Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence (MCADSV), offers detailed information, including contacts and services provided by various domestic violence programs around the Kansas City area on the Missouri side of the state line.

Domestic Violence Programs in Kansas

This directory list produced by Kansas Coalition Against Sexual and Domestic Violence (KCSDV) identifies statewide domestic violence assistance programs. Programs are listed alphabetically by location and correspond to a number on the map. Other information includes phone numbers, Websites, and program hours.

A Report on Domestic Violence and Rape Statistics in Kansas 2009

The Kansas Bureau of Investigation (KBI) prepared this document that provides statistics and analysis of domestic violence and rape incidents in the state of Kansas, focusing on the year 2009. However, the report also features past data for incident trending and year-by-year comparison. Additionally, the report outlines the existing state laws and the enforcement policy regarding each type of crime.

Homicide and Murder

Kansas Injury Prevention Program Data Book

Produced by the Injury Prevention Program in 2009, this report includes state homicide statistics and information. Included data represents the years 2003 through 2007, and is graphically represented with multiple charts, graphs, and tables.

Kansas City, Missouri Police Department Homicide Quarterly

Each quarter the Kansas City, Missouri Police Department (KCPD) releases a report on homicides in the area. This is the most recently released edition, and it provides detailed data and statistics concerning homicide in Kansas city. Information is broken down into homicide by day of the week, homicide by patrol area, and graphs comparing Kansas City crime to similar cities like St. Louis and Milwaukee.

Illegal Substances

The Burden of Substance Abuse on the State of Missouri

Prepared by the Missouri Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse from the Department of Mental Health, this 2008 report discusses the prevalence of drug abuse in Missouri and the consequent societal costs estimated at $7 billion for prevention, law enforcement and state-sponsored rehabilitation programs.

Profile of Drug Indicators



Kansas City

These profiles created by the Office of National Drug Control Policy contain information on demographics, political figures, programs, crime, drug use, drug trafficking and enforcement. The Missouri profile was published in May of 2008; the Kansas profile was published in June of 2008.

Metro Brief: Kansas City – Substance Abuse in Metropolitan Areas

The data in this report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is based on people checking into rehabilitation facilities. It features charts that outline statistics based on gender, substance type, and race accompanied by a bullet point analysis of each data set.

Police Departments

Kansas City, Missouri Police Department 2009 Annual Report

This report produced by the Kansas City Police Department (KCPD) provides a review of Department activities for the calendar year of 2009. The report additionally includes information concerning patrol divisions and facilities as well as financial summaries and crime statistics for the entire 319 square mile patrol area.

Kansas City Metropolitan Crime Commission 2009 Annual Report

The Kansas City Metropolitan Crime Commission is a multi-city collective of law enforcement programs and this is their annual report from 2009. The annual report consists of a series of articles concerning the activities of the Crime Commission during the year, highlighting some of their important programs like Crime Stoppers, SAFE, and Second Chance. Also included is a financial report detailing the organization’s fiscal activity.

Kansas Bureau of Investigation 2010 Crime Index

This statistical table provided by the Kansas Bureau of Information (KBI) compiles data submitted by local law enforcement to the KBI about crimes reported in Kansas. The table details the local population, the number of violent crimes, property crimes, motor vehicle theft, and arson in addition to a sum of all crimes. The counties of Kansas are listed in alphabetical order and local police departments are listed within each county. Kansas City counties featured on the report include Johnson, Wyandotte, Leavenworth, and Miami.

Crime in Missouri 2009

This document was assembled by the Missouri State Highway Patrol to provide a detailed report about crime in Missouri in the year 2009. The report starts broadly with statistics and graphs regarding the general crime index in Missouri in the past years as well as 2009. Some graphs also make projects into what future crime indices may be. The scope of each type of crime is defined prior to the statistical report and data analysis.

Racial Profiling

Racial Profiling or Racist Policing? Bounds Tests in Aggregate Data

This 2004 paper, co-authored by Rubén Hernández-Murillo and John Knowles, examines methods of applying a well-known test, the comparison of average search success rates by race, to summary statistics by race where different kinds of search are aggregated together. According to the paper’s abstract: “This paper develops a model of police search decisions that allows for non-discretionary searches and derives tests for racial bias in data that mixes different search types. Our tests reject unbiased policing as an explanation of the disparate impact of motor-vehicle searches on minorities in Missouri.”

Racial Profiling Study and Services: A Multijurisdictional Assessment of Traffic Enforcement and Data Collection in Kansas

This 2003 study was commissioned by the state of Kansas and conducted by the Police Foundation, an independent, nonprofit organization based in Washington D.C. whose primary function is researching innovation and improvement in policing. The study examines the nature, character, and demographics of police enforcement practices, including systematic data collection on traffic stops.

The Environment

This section highlights some of the most helpful resources about Environmental issues in KCResearch on the topics listed below. Many of the resources also aim to answer some of the questions that you might have. This guide will help answer questions like:

  • Is Kansas City making any efforts to encourage green development? If so, where are those developments taking place?
  • What is the air quality in Kansas City? How is air quality measured?
  • Does the drinking water in Parkville come from the Missouri River? How clean is it?

Air Quality

State of the Air, Report Card



These reports provided by the American Lung Association evaluate the air quality for all counties in Kansas and Missouri, and estimate the consequent potential health risks for the counties’ populations. The site also includes information about how air quality is measured, air quality rankings for various cities in the greater United States, and what citizens can do to improve air quality.

Missouri Air Quality Index Report

Kansas Air Quality Index Report

These sites allow users to generate a report providing air pollution data for counties or metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) with information dating from 1998 up to the present. The data includes the five major air pollutants monitored by the Environmental Protection Agency and regulated by the Clean Air Act: ground-level ozone, particle pollution (particulate matter), carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide. Data sets go back as far as 1998.

Drinking Water

The Safe Drinking Water Query Form for the State of Kansas

The Safe Drinking Water Query Form for the State of Missouri

These websites allow public access to data about safe drinking water from the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Safe Drinking Water Information System. Four search options — water system name, county name, population served, system status — return information concerning local drinking water systems and suppliers including possible violations of the EPA’s drinking water regulations.

State of Kansas Public Water Supply Annual Compliance Report for Calendar Year 2008

This report by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) provides a summary of Kansas water systems’ compliance with drinking water regulations, including violations of the maximum contaminant levels, treatment techniques, and monitoring requirements. Counties and municipalities on the Kansas side of the state line are covered in this resource. This is the most recent version of the report available.

Missouri Department of Natural Resources 2009 drinking water compliance Report

The compliance report from the Missouri Department of Natural Resources (DNR) uses data from tests for the presence of chemicals that might endanger the quality of public water systems. The water systems for municipalities on the Missouri side of the state line are covered in this resource.

Green Development

MetroGreen Action Plan

MetroGreen, sponsored by the Mid-America Regional Council (MARC), is a plan to build extensive trails and nature areas in the Kansas city Metropolitan area. The trails focus on environmentally responsible development that connects people to nature without causing extensive damage to the surroundings.

Green Impact Zone: Preliminary Baseline Data Report

The Green Impact Zone, in cooperation with Mid-America Regional Council (MARC), is working to demonstrate how green development can be used in an urban core. The Green Impact Zone initiative is an effort to concentrate resources — with funding, coordination, and public and private partnerships — in one specific area to demonstrate that a targeted effort can literally transform a community.

Redesigning Kansas City's Government District Using the Urban-Design Approach of Responsive Environments

Authored by Kansas State student, Jose Abraham, this thesis presents a hypothetical redesign of Kansas City’s downtown Government District, making use of the conceptual approach provided by Responsive Environments (1985). Abraham makes the argument that the Government district in Downtown Kansas City is presently underdeveloped in terms of environmental responsiveness, but has the potential to do so.

Hazardous Waste

Hazardous Waste Generator Handbook: A Guide to Complying with Kansas Hazardous Waste Generator Regulations Handbook

This report by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) is designed to assist business owners and consumers to recognize when they generate hazardous waste and how to properly dispose of it. It also provides alternatives to hazardous waste disposal that still comply with the Kansas state laws regarding hazardous waste.

Electronics Scrap Management Rule

This website is designed to aid consumers with the proper disposal of electronics, some of which may be considered hazardous waste. Disposing of computer equipment can also pose a threat to your personal information if the harddrive is not properly cleared. The website outlines Missouri’s programs for the proper disposal of consumer electronics and computer devices.

Hazardous Waste Management: Laws and Tegulations

This website by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources provides a look at the laws concerning hazardous waste and hazardous waste disposal in the state of Missouri. Additionally, it provides links to federal laws on hazardous waste. The Hazardous Waste Laws in Development link is a useful tool for people to see what lawmakers are working on in regards to hazardous waste generation and disposal.

Lakes and Rivers

Missouri River Bed Degradation Reconnaissance Study

This report by the Kansas City branch of the Army Corps of Engineers discusses potential solutions to water resource problems as a result of bed degradation within the lower 498 miles of the Missouri River, part of which runs through the Kansas City Area.

Kansas City District: District Lakes

The Kansas City district of the Army Corps of Engineers hosts this website linking to information about different area lakes. To view more information about each lake either click on the name of the lake on the map or click on the name of the lake on the left-hand navigation menu. Each lake’s page has information about water quality and environmental and wildlife programs at the lake in addition to recreational activities offered.


Kansas Recycles: Curbside Programs

The Kansas Recycles initiative is sponsored by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) to promote recycling throughout the state. Their website lists curbside recycling programs throughout the Kansas. It also includes links to programs for users to access to their Websites along with driving directions, contact information, and information concerning accepted recyclable materials.

Missouri Recycling Economic Information Study: MOREIS

This report from the Missouri Department of Natural Resources examines the extent to which the recycling, remanufacturing, and reuse industry in Missouri provides economic benefits for Missourians.

Keep Kansas City Beautiful 2010: Annual Report

Bridging the Gap, a local recycling initiative and organization generates an annual report each year. This is the most recent annual report, providing information about recycling efforts in Kansas City.

Solid Waste Management

Solid Waste Policy Discussion Guide

This guide from Mid-America Regional Council (MARC) encourages waste management planning within the Kansas City region. It emphasizes the necessity of regional cooperation, landfill capacity, waste diversion and minimization, and local government action to improve waste management services and encourage responsible waste disposal.

Missouri Solid Waste Management Plan

The Missouri Department of Natural Resources’ Solid Waste Management Program outlines objectives and strategies to assist Missourians in managing solid waste through disposal methods that are protective of both human and environmental health.

Kansas County Solid Waste Management Responsibilities

This brief guide from the Kansas Department of Health and Environment addresses some of the most useful strategies for solid waste management. Additionally it defines and provides examples of seven different types of solid waste and how to best dispose of those types.

User Guides

KCResearch User Guides offer advice to specific sets of KCResearch users that may not necessarily be research about Kansas City, but will help build stronger communities.

There are currently three user guides: Tips for Grant Seekers, Tips for New Entrepreneurs, and Tips for Educators. The first provides thorough information about what you need to know if you have a project or research idea that needs funding to go through and includes a list of local and regional grants that may be of interest. The guide for new entrepreneurs offers steps to making a business plan and getting funding to make your business dreams a reality. The last guide, though still in development, will provide resources for teachers of varying levels about how KCResearch and similar types of resources can be integrated into the classroom.

If you have an idea for a guide that would be helpful to groups of people visiting KCResearch, please contact us via e-mail and propose it!

Tips For Educators


The KCResearch team is currently working with a team of educators to create this guide.

Tips for Grant Seekers

KCResearch provides many types of studies and articles to help grant writers find facts and statistics to use when writing grants. However, grants must be identified before they can be written.

This guide provides tips on how to identify grants appropriate to your needs.

If you are researching information on a particular topic for your grant, check out our KCResearch Topic Guides or browse our resources.

Research Considerations

There are basically four considerations in conducting grant research. You will need to research as much as you can with regard to:


You first want to check to see what foundations offer the kind of assistance you’ll need. This can be achieved by using the three approaches listed above.


You can glean information about specific companies to determine whether or not they would be a good match for your proposal. See how their mission matches with your goals to determine which would be the best partner.


Found out what kinds of grants have been awarded and who received them. Many grant-issuing foundations list past projects and types of grants have been awarded. By studying what kinds of grants have been issued in the past, you can better know how your proposal would fit in with the past grantees.


A "990" is a document submitted by the grant-maker to the IRS each year. This document contains detailed information about the grant, including how much was awarded. It provides valuable information for the grant-seeker as it breaks down the grant into its specific, component parts.

For additional assistance and information, contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center expert by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,

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Finding Grants

There are different ways to go about finding grants, but many grants are funded by Foundations. In order to conduct grant research, it is crucial to understand the role of a foundation and what it does.

A foundation is a non-profit corporation or a charitable trust whose mission is to make available grants to organizations or individuals for cultural, educational, religious, scientific, or other charitable purposes.

The successful grant seeker should conduct exhaustive research in order to find right foundation. Foundations can be the sector of a corporation, a private non-profit aiming to further specific purpose, a federal agency designated to promote a specific cause, or even a Labor Union. This process might require extensive review of both print and online resources.

There are essentially three approaches to grant research. Both print and electronic resources may be used:

Subject Approach

This approach is perhaps the most often-used, as foundations will express an interest in funding subject-specific programs. Look for foundations that are most likely to fund your proposal. Many government agencies and labor unions such as the National Education Association (NEA) offer grants and lists of grants relevant to the subject area.
Grants for:

Geographic Approach

Since foundations will often limit where they will fund projects to their region or location, you may want to include this approach as part of your overall searching strategy. For information on several local foundations, see Regional Grants below.

Types of Support Approach

This type of approach is usually used in conjunction with Subject or Geographic research, and should not be confused with the Subject Approach. "Subject Approaches" will list programs that foundations want to fund, whereas "Types of Support" will offer what kinds of assistance the foundations will fund. For example, requests for funding for building/renovation, equipment, seed-money, or technical assistance would fall into the category of "Types of Support."

For additional assistance and information, contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center expert by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,

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Regional Grants

Below is a list of regional grants by topic.

Arts and Humanities Grants

Francis Family Foundation
To be eligible for a Small Arts Grant, an organization must be located within the greater Kansas City area (60-mile radius); a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) public charity with a federal Employer Identification Number, or partner with another organization that can serve as a fiscal sponsor; and an arts organization with annual revenues of less than $300,000 last fiscal year, or a non-arts organization – regardless of budget size or mission – with a community-based arts program that provides access to arts and culture opportunities in traditional and non-traditional sites throughout the greater Kansas City area. The application deadline is August 31. The Francis Family Foundation’s areas of interest not specific to the Kansas City region are pulmonary research and lifelong learning with a particular emphasis on early childhood development.

Missouri Humanities Council
The Missouri Humanities Council award grants to non-profit organizations in support of locally generated programs. The Council provides grants for activities designed principally for adults in Missouri, particularly projects that help humanities institutions improve their programming and interpretive practices, and institutes and conferences for teachers. Grants are awarded by MHC board members in open competition, with multiple submission and review dates each year.

Muriel McBrien Kauffman Foundation
This private foundation's mission is to support programs that contribute to the quality and accessibility of the performing and visual arts in the greater Kansas City region. Grants fund general operations, program support, specific productions, fundraising events, and capital campaigns. Grant proposals are accepted from current 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organizations, and are reviewed on an ongoing basis.

Health-related Grants

Jewish Heritage Foundation of Greater Kansas City
The Jewish Heritage Foundation provides grant opportunities “to promote health and well being in the Greater Kansas City area, with a priority to serve the Jewish community.” Grants are awarded to current 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organizations, as defined by the Internal Revenue Service. The application deadline is March 1.

Menorah Legacy Foundation
This Foundation supports programs that foster the delivery, quality, or affordability of healthcare or healthcare-related social services in the Kansas City area’s Jewish community. Three grant categories exist with application deadlines of March 1 and January 15.

General Grants

Bess Spiva Timmons Foundation
This Foundation was established by Bess Spiva Timmons in 1967 “to enable her children and grandchildren to carry on an already existing program of assistance in the areas of education, health, medical research, the arts, and programs with emphasis to benefit minority groups, social services, and ecology.” The Foundation accepts grant proposals from organizations in the United States west of the Mississippi River. Grants range to $10,000. No application deadline is stated.

Edward G. and Kathryn E. Mader Foundation
The Edward G. and Kathryn E. Mader Foundation supports the health, education and welfare of children in Greater Kansas City. The Foundation accepts grant applications from 501(c)(3) nonprofits in the Greater Kansas City area. Awards typically range from $5,000 to $30,000. Applications are accepted from March 1 to May 1 of each year.

Hall Family Foundation
The Hall Family Foundation concentrates its philanthropic efforts in the Kansas City area. Grants fund programs and organizations dedicated to education; children, youth, and families; the arts; and community development. Grants are made to charitable organizations, which qualify as tax exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. No application deadline is stated.

Helen S. Boylan Foundation
This Foundation funds organizations and programs working within the Kansas City Metro region. The Foundation considers a wide range of proposals within the following areas: arts, education, health, human services, environment, and public interest. Grants are awarded to non-profit charitable organizations that are tax exempt under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or to public governmental units. Applications are considered four times per year; and must be received by March 31, June 30, September 30, or December 31.

The Sosland Foundation
“The Sosland Foundation awards grants in a broad area called social welfare to address the issues related to poverty in the United States specifically in Kansas City. We support programs that promote self-reliance and economic independence and positively contribute to the quality of life for the underserved.” Grants are awarded to I.R.S. Section 501(c)(3) approved organizations in the Kansas City area. The grant review committee meets quarterly; grants range from $1000 to $5000.

For additional assistance and information, contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center expert by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,

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Grant Fraud

Department of Justice Grant Fraud Guide

Grant Fraud is an issue that you, as a grant seeker, need to be aware of. Grant fraud happens when the money appropriated for a grant is misused due often to conflicts of interest, lying or failing to properly support the use of funds, and outright theft. This set of slides, prepared by the United States Department of Justice, outline how grant fraud can occur by outlining what constitutes a conflict of interest, “lying” and theft of funds appropriated for specific purposes. This is something to be particularly aware of if you are applying for federal grants, as it is taxpayer money that must be accounted for. There are people who investigate grant fraud and these cases are tried in federal courts with penalties, such as prison time or steep fines that may exceed the award of the grant that has been taken fraudulently.

If you are uncertain of whether or not you might be viable to commit grant fraud, your risk can be mitigated by following these steps:

  • Examine your operations to determine your fraud vulnerabilities.
  • Implement specific fraud prevention strategies including educating others about the risks–the more people are aware of the issues, the more they can help prevent problems or detect them as early as possible.
  • Maintain a well designed and tested system of internal controls.
  • Ensure all financial or other certifications and progress reports are adequately supported with appropriate documentation and evidence.
  • Identify any potential conflicts of interest issues and disclose them to the granting agency for specific guidance and advice.
  • Follow a fair and transparent procurement process especially when utilizing consultants.
  • Ensure the rate of pay is reasonable and justifiable and that the work product is well-defined and documented

For additional assistance and information, contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center expert by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,

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Additional Resources

You may also want to consult these titles in the Block Business and Career Center at the Kansas City Public Library:

The Foundation Center's Guide to Winning Proposals by Sarah Collins (2008)
Collins assembles actual grant proposals that have garnered actual money for nonprofit organizations, as a guide for newcomers to grant writing. She presents them in sections on special single-year and multi-year projects, endowment, building or renovation, general and operating support, seed money, and planning grant. She also provides examples of letters of inquiry, cover letters, and budgets. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR. Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

How Foundations Work: What Grantseekers Need to Know About the Many Faces of Foundations by Dennis P. McIlnay (1998)
In this groundbreaking book, Dennis McIlnay offers a unique and remarkable look inside foundations, exploring the complex workings of the mysterious and often misunderstood organizations that so often determine the success or failure of a nonprofit's fund raising ventures. Drawing on his extensive research and on insights from foundations, McIlnay gives the grantseeker an edge in the highly competitive world of foundation grants by both debunking many of the myths and misconceptions surrounding foundations and including more productive strategies for dealing with them. Structured around six perceptions of foundations—judges, editors, citizens, activists, entrepreneurs, and partners—this book provides a thorough understanding of what makes foundations tick and how this affects their interactions with nonprofits. Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

Getting Grants: The Complete Manual of Proposal Development and Administration by Alexis Carter-Black (2006)
Getting Grants deals with every step of the process: how and where to find sources of funding the pre-proposal planning and development stage the components of a grant proposalthe role of the grant writer and/or grants office in an organization the role of the project director in the grants process proposal writing (with tips gleaned from a decade of experience), and moreThe primary markets for the book will be non-profit organizations, public and private K-12 schools, public and private universities and colleges.The book includes a CD-ROM with forms, job descriptions, rules for a grants office, and useful excerpts from successfully funded proposals.

Grant Writing Made Simple: 87 Tips for Great Grants by Sally Stanton (2009)
With an approach based on common-sense principles, the book offers plenty of advice from foundation grant reviewers, writing instructors, grant-writing students, and others -- a compendium of the best and most useful tips and techniques. These little nuggets of wisdom are small enough to fit in your already-crammed-full-of-facts brain, but big enough to help you out when you get stuck just before that important grant deadline.

Demystifying Grant Seeking: What you Really Need to do to Get Grants by Larissa Golden Brown
Written for nonprofit professionals and fundraisers of varying levels of expertise, this guide provides crystal clear, practical guidelines for writing grants, based on a five-step program and a definition of the principles that underpin a successful grant-seeking process.

For additional assistance and information, contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center expert by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,

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Tips for New Entrepreneurs

This guide exists to assist you, if you are looking to fulfill the dream of owning a business. Some of the advice offered in this user guide will help the potential entrepreneur start on the path towards a successful business venture. We have broken it down into three useful guides for you. If more help is needed, please feel encouraged to visit the H&R Block Business and Career Center at the Central Branch of the Kansas City Public Library. It is an excellent resource for new entrepreneurs. To contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center librarian by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,

How to Write a Business Plan

A business plan is a multi-purpose document.
It will:

  • Show whether your business idea is feasible (and can make a profit)
  • Help you to think through your business and stay on track
  • Help you communicate your ideas to others, such as bankers, suppliers, partners, etc.

A business plan outlines your business and should include:

  • The goals you have for your business and your strategy for accomplishing the goals.
  • An explanation of the day-to-day operations of your business.
  • Your reasons for believing your business will be a success.

Your business plan should be read and reviewed frequently so that you can update it as conditions in your business, industry, and/or economy change.
Most business plans include six to eight key sections:

  1. Executive summary
  2. Business/company description
  3. Products and/or services
  4. Market analysis and marketing plan
  5. Management team/key personnel
  6. Operation plan/strategy and implementation
  7. Financial plan/projections
  8. Appendices

Let's look briefly at each of these sections.

1. Executive summary

The executive summary is a brief (2-3 pages) overview of your company. It should contain:

  • Your mission statement
    • 101 Mission Statements (2007) Jeffrey Abrahams
    • Say It and Live It (1995) Patricia Jones
    • The Mission Statement Book (1995) Jeffrey Abrahams
  • Goals and objectives
  • A synopsis of all of the other sections of your business plan.

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2. Business/company description

The business/company description section is where you describe the structure of your business. Include:

  • Company name
    • Check to see if the name you have selected for your business is currently being used by an incorporated company in Missouri by going to the Missouri Secretary of State’s
    • You can also check to see if the URL address you would like to use for your business's web page has already been claimed by going to a Whois Service
  • Legal form of ownership (sole proprietorship, LLC, etc.)
    • Entrepreneur Magazine’s Ultimate Book on Forming Corporations LLC's, Sole Proprietorships, Partnerships (2004) Michael Spadaccini
    • Forming a Partnership (2007) Ira Nottonson
    • LLC or Corporation? (2010) Anthony Mancuso
  • Basic description of the industry in which you operate
  • Your company strengths
  • Niche or problem your company will fill
  • Your reasons for starting the company.

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3. Products and/or services

The products and/or services section is where you explain what your company will do.

  • Detailed description about your product or service
  • Pricing information
  • Your product's competitive advantage

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4. Market analysis and marketing plan

Outline who your customers are, where they are located, the current and projected state of the industry and your competitors. Describe how you plan to market, promote, and encourage growth in the demand for your product. Think of this section as the place to justify the need for your product and to explain why your company will be successful.
Describe in detail who your customer is:

  • Consumers or individuals are defined in terms of demographic characteristics: age, sex, race, ethnicity, education, income, etc.
  • Identify how large this population is and where it is located by using ReferenceUSA, American FactFinder, USA Counties, MO Census Data Center, Mid-America Regional Council (MARC), and books such as Community Sourcebook of Zip Code Demographics and CEDDS: The Complete Economic and Demographic Data Source, available at the Kansas City Public Library.
  • Business customers are defined by industry, size, and location. Obtain data on the potential size of your business customer base by using the Economic Census, ReferenceUSA, and Sorkins' Directory of Business & Government.

Your business plan needs to include information on your competition: highlighting specifics on your major competitors, including their size, pricing, advertising methods, and quality of goods. Some of the research you employ in this section will need to be primary research.

  • Identify your competitors and their market size by using the ReferenceUSA database. Our Researching a Company guide will provide you with additional sources.
  • Identify indirect competitors. The MONASH Marketing Dictionary defines indirect competition as: "a product that is in a different category altogether but which is seen as an alternative purchase choice; for example, coffee and mineral water are indirect competitors." You can find your indirect competitors through the ReferenceUSA database.

Create a SWOT analysis of the industry that you are operating in. A SWOT analysis looks at the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats to the industry. Identify the maturity of the industry, the growth potential, the underserved population, your niche, changes in the industry that will provide opportunities and/or threats, and consumer trends. Reveal what might impact the industry for good or bad, be it the economic climate, growth in competitors (domestic and international), change in governmental regulations, advances in technology, and lifestyle changes.

Marketing Plan
Now that you have outlined your customer base, your competition and the industry arena, explain the strategy for marketing your product or service.

  • Word of mouth is often stated as a primary method as it appears to be inexpensive and not time-consuming. However, to be effective, you need to be proactive in guiding this approach. You might want to read some books about word of mouth marketing.
  • Network with people in your business, other entrepreneurs, and potential customers or clients
  • Paid advertisements is another common approach. Newspapers, radio, magazines, billboard signs are all locations where ads can be placed. Check out these library for rates and outlets:
    • Standard Rate & Data Service
    • Gale Directory of Publications and Broadcast Media
  • If you wish to hire someone to write and place your ads you might want to consult the Advertising Red Books as a way of learning about advertising agencies.
  • Websites, blogs, podcasts, MySpace, YouTube, Facebook and Twitter are all inexpensive ways to present your product and/or service. The many ways in which these can be employed effectively can be learned by reading:
    • Twitter Revolution (2008) Deborah Micek
    • Blog Marketing (2006) Jeremy Wright

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5. Management team/key personnel

  • Name key employees/advisors, their backgrounds and qualifications
  • List professional services you have employed (lawyers, insurance agents, accountants)

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6. Operation plan/strategy

This is where you describe the details of the daily operation of your business.

  • Location
  • Building/office description and size
  • Customer/supplier access (parking, highways, airports, warehouses)
  • Suppliers: ReferenceUSA, print directories
  • Permits, licenses (link to business license page)
  • Federal regulations
  • Staff and compensation: Salary Facts Handbook (2008) JIST Works, Inc. and Bureau of Labor Statistics

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7. Financial plans and projections

Your finances:

  • Balance sheet
  • Income statement
  • Projections

A key source to use when evaluating your financial statements is Annual Statement Studies Robert Morris Associates. This source gives the ratios that are average in your industry and is used by bankers when evaluating loan prospects. A similar source is Dun & Bradstreet's Industry Norms and Key Business Ratios.
The following books can provide you with a more complete understanding of financial reports.

  • Streetwise Finance and Accounting for Entrepreneurs (2006) Suzanne Caplan
  • Keeping the Books (2008) Linda Pinson
  • Financial Management 101 (2008) Angie Mohr

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8. Appendices

  • Copies of contracts
  • Prepared promotional information
  • Photographs and/or maps of operating locations

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There are many sources in the library that can assist you in the writing of your plan. You can read actual successful business plans in the Business Plans Handbook.
The following books will give you additional information about business plans:

  • Ernst & Young Business Plan Guide (1991) Daniel R. Garner
  • Your First Business Plan (2005) Joseph A. Covello
  • How to Prepare a Business Plan (2001) Edward Blackwell

For additional information, contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center librarian by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,
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Financing a Small Business

One of the major reasons for new business failures is lack of sufficient capital. Yet developing a good funding package can be difficult.

The primary structures of financing are:

  • Debt/Loan: this is money that you will need to pay back and is the most prevalent type of financing
  • Equity: you usually do not need to pay this money back, but you will be giving someone else partial ownership and partial control of the business. You will usually have to share profits with your financing partner.


Grants, or money that does not need to be repaid, are practically non-existent for small businesses. You might have seen infomercials about government grants to start your business, but these grants do not exist except in very restricted situations. Any grant that might be available from the federal government can by found by searching the Loans and Grants search engine or

Sources of Financing

  • Personal savings
  • Friends and relatives
  • Banks and credit unions
  • Venture capital firms

Preparing Your Financial Request

  • Before asking for money for your business, have your financial needs organized and your business well thought out. This starts with a good business plan (link to business plan help page).
  • Prepare several financial documents outlining your company's finances. Have these documents ready before you talk to your lender. These documents include, but are not limited to:
    • Cash Flow Statement
    • Income Statement
    • Balance Sheet
    • Personal Finance Statement

Financial Documents

  • Cash Flow Statement – a document that shows monthly cash coming in and going out and the net cash balance.
  • Income Statement – shows revenue and expenses over a period of time: the difference between the two is your profit.
  • Balance Sheet – the statement showing the value of your assets compared to the value of your debts or liabilities.
  • Personal Finance Statement – This document is a personal balance sheet. Lenders expect you to provide a certain amount of your own money and assets to finance your business. They also want to see how you have managed your personal finances.
  • Other statements. Depending on the lender, there can be a number of additional forms, statements, and sources of information you will be asked to provide.

The 3 C's

There are three areas that a lender evaluates when looking at a loan application.

  • Character: Have you managed money responsibly in the past, do you have the proper background, education, and skills to run your own business?
  • Capacity: Does your cash flow cover the loan payment?
  • Collateral: Do you have something of value that can be used to service your debt if you can't repay the loan?

Small Business Administration

The Small Business Administration (SBA) has a number of financing programs for start-up and existing small businesses. The most active is their Basic 7(a) Loan Guaranty. The purpose of the loan guaranty is to help small businesses who might not otherwise qualify for a conventional loan. The loan is not given directly by the SBA, rather SBA guarantees a large percentage of a loan made by a commercial bank which reduces the bank's risk exposure.

Other Resources

Library resources

The Library has numerous books that can help you learn about business financing. They can be found by using the subject heading of small business finance and small business loans. Some sample titles include:

  • Entrepreneurs Guide to Raising Capital (2000) David Nour
  • Financing Your Small Business (2006) James E. Burk
  • How To Raise Capital (2005) Jeffry A. Timmons
  • SBA Loans: A Step by Step Guide (2002) Patrick D. O’Hara

For additional information, contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center librarian by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,

Licensing a Business in Missouri

When forming a business, there can be many forms that need to be filed with a number of state and local governmental offices. The forms vary depending on the legal formation of your company (partnership, LLC, etc.) and whether you have employees, retail sales, a franchise business, and many other variables. Businesses can be subject to tax filings, zoning clearances, occupational licenses, permits, and much more. Hiring the services of a qualified lawyer and accountant can ease you through the process.

  1. Starting Off
  2. Register the Name of Your Business
  3. Missouri Sales Tax
  4. Obtain Local Business Licenses
  5. Kansas City, MO Earnings and Profit Taxes
  6. Federal Identification Number/Employer Identification Number
  7. Additional Licenses, Clearances, Taxes, and Forms
  8. Additional Sources of Information

1. Starting Off

A good starting place to learn what needs to be filed is the Missouri Small Business & Technology Development Centers. You are encouraged to go to their website for more complete information.

2. Register the name of your business

  • To check on the availability of a business name, search the Secretary of State's Business Entity database.
  • The name you choose must be registered with the Secretary of State (573) 751-4153 by filing the necessary forms and paperwork. The way to register a name is different for each type of legal structure. Choices of Legal Structures are sole proprietorship, partnership, limited partnership, Limited Liability Company (LLC), or corporation. A discussion of the issues involved in the legal formation of your company can be found at

3. Missouri Sales Tax.

Both wholesalers and retailers need to be registered with the Missouri Department of Revenue. Go to their website for forms or call at (573) 751-2836 to get a sales tax number or sales tax exemption.

4. Obtain local business licenses.

For Kansas City, Missouri, minimally you must have both a zoning clearance and an occupational license. There can be additional licenses and/or permits you need depending on the nature of your business. See the city's web page for forms and additional information.
Additional county forms, licenses, permits, and taxes might need to be filed. Make sure you check with your county's requirements.

5. Kansas City, MO Earnings and Profit Taxes

need to be filed with the city. Check with the Finance Department for additional information.

6. Federal Identification Number/Employer Identification Number

Some businesses need to have a Federal Identification Number and/or Employer Identification Number. Go to the IRS web site to learn more and to apply online.

7. Additional Licenses, Clearances, Taxes, and Forms

There are many additional licenses, clearances, taxes, and forms that might need to be filed for your business. It is important to contact the local, state, and federal licensing, taxing, zoning, economic development, and other possible agencies to learn what is required for your particular business. Qualified lawyers and accountants can be of great help to you in this process.

8. Additional sources of information.

Websites that give good overviews include:

For information about licensing a business in the state of Kansas, please consult the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) from the Kansas Business Center.

For additional information, contact an H&R Block Business & Career Center librarian by phone, 816.701.3717, or by e-mail,

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Site Help

Here is where you can find general help using the KCResearch website. Contact one of our research experts by e-mail, phone, or chat.

Browse By Topic

If you are not sure where to start in your research, the Browse by Topic feature is a great place to begin.

You may access it by clicking on the Browse by Topic link in the top navigation bar.

On the Browse by Topic page there is a left-hand navigation menu featuring the following categories in orange type:

  • Business and Economics
  • Environment
  • Education
  • Health
  • Land Use and Urban Planning
  • Crime and Law Enforcement
  • Community Life
  • Demographics/Statistics

Underneath these orange categories are lists of topics in blue linked text. If you click on one of these, you will get a list of all the resources KCResearch has about that topic.

The list of resources may be narrowed down further by clicking on more blue hyperlinks on the left-hand navigation menu, called facets. The number in the parentheses after each hyperlink indicates the number of resources in KCResearch on that specific facet.

At any time you may eliminate a facet by clicking the blue minus in parentheses (-) next to the facet on the left-hand side, or the facet links listed under “Current Search” at the top of the page of search results.


You can search using any of the search boxes on KCResearch, it will perform a general search of all of our articles and studies. This means that the terms you enter to be searched will be matched on all resource records containing the words you enter. The search engine will look under all search fields--title, author, topic, neighborhood, city/town, county, and state—for the words you enter.

To search the database, enter words or phrases on the topic you are researching and then click on the blue “Search” button once. You will get a list of all of the resources KCResearch has that includes some of your search words.

If your search returns no results, go back and double check your spelling or look for typos or other errors that may have occurred when typing in terms. You can also think of synonyms for your search terms and try using those words or try the Browse by Topic feature.

Tips for expert searchers and librarians:

Stop Words
The KCResearch search engine ignores certain words that, while often occurring in the English language, do not add value to a search when entered in lowercase.

"a", "and" , "are" , "as" , "at" , "be" , "but" , "by" , "for" , "if" , "in" , "into",
"is" ,"it" ,"no" , "not" , "of" , "on" , "or" , "such", "the" , "to" , "was"

Note that some of these words, when entered in all uppercase capital letters, are very valuable search words and apply when using Boolean Searching, which is explained on the next page.

Phrase Searching
To search using multiple words as a phrase, put quotation marks (") around the phrase. The quotation marks will limit the engine to search for the exact phrase contained in the quotation marks in the specified word order.

Exact Word Match
In order to search for the exact word (not truncated or stemmed) in a search, place a plus sign (+) before the word requiring an exact match. Exact word searches may also be paired with other words that may show up in search results, but would not be matched exactly since it does not have a plus sign before the word.

Eliminate Items with Unwanted Words
To eliminate certain words from a search result, place a minus (-) before the word you want to be eliminated from the search. Alternatively, you may also use the word, NOT. In this instance, the word NOT must be entirely capitalized. This can limit your search to eliminate unwanted hits. For instance, in the search training -cat or you will get items containing the word "training", except those that also contain the word "cat".

Boolean Searching

Boolean searching is a method of searching using specific words called operators that instruct the search engine how to retrieve results. When using Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) please note that they MUST BE CAPITALIZED!

AND - to limit searches to find items containing all words or phrases combined with this operator, for instance cats AND dogs will retrieve all items that contain BOTH the words "cats" and "dogs".

OR - to enlarge searches to find items containing any of the words or phrases surrounding this operator will retrieve all items that contain EITHER of the words entered in the search field.

NOT - to exclude items containing the word following this operator, NOT cat will retrieve all items that contain the word "training" EXCEPT those also containing the word "cat".

Parentheses can be used in the search query to group search terms into sets, and operators can then be applied to the whole set, e.g.(cats OR dogs) AND (training OR discipline)

Advanced Search

Advanced search is a more specific way of searching. With the advanced search, you may limit the engine to search only certain fields such as title, author, topic, neighborhood, city/town, county, or state. Additionally, with advanced search, you may also select how much of the search phrase you want the server to return. Multiple phrases may be used when conducting an advanced search. Results may be limited to a specific range of dates as well as only peer-reviewed resources. If you wish to broaden the results, you may search the full text of resources that have available, searchable, full texts.

To access the Advanced Search feature from any page on KCResearch, click once on the “Search” link in the top navigation bar.
The link will direct you to the Advanced Search page, which has three search boxes and two drop-down menus on either side of the search boxes.

The drop-down menu on the left-hand side gives three search options:

  • All of the words will search for all of the words in the search box in any order. In a Boolean search, this option is similar to using "AND". Do not include "AND" with your search terms. The Boolean operator "AND" is used automatically with the “All of the words” option and will be ignored if it is entered as a search term.
  • Some of the words will search for any of the words in the search box, but not necessarily within the same resource. The results may return resources relating to any of the terms entered. In a Boolean search, this option is similar to using "OR". Do not include "OR" with your search terms. The Boolean operator "OR" is used automatically with the “Some of the words” words option and will be ignored if it is entered as a search term.
  • The phrase will search for all of the words in the exact order entered. This is similar to using quotation marks in other search engines.

The drop-down menu on the right-hand side gives eight search options; these are specific fields the search engine will look for results in:

  • Anywhere searches in any field for the text inside the search box. It is similar to performing a basic, keyword search.
  • Title will only search for the terms inside the search box in the titles of resources.
  • Author will only search for the terms inside the search box in the authors of resources.
  • Topic searches for the words entered in the search box in terms of what topics a resource relates to. If you are looking for a specific topic, this is a good search option, rather than browsing through all the topics offered on the KCResearch “Browse by topic” feature.
  • Neighborhood searches for resources pertaining to the Kansas City area neighborhood entered in the search box.
  • City/Town searches for resources concerning the name of the city or town entered in the search box. For instance, if you wish to find resources about Olathe, you would enter “Olathe” in the search box.
  • County searches for resources about a certain county in the area. You must specify one of the following counties, which are considered our coverage area: Platte, Clay, Ray, Jackson, Cass, Miami, Johnson (Ks.), Wyandotte, and Leavenworth.
  • State searches for resources pertaining to the specified state. In most cases, only Missouri and Kansas will return results.

You may find that your search will require you to use only one search box, but it may also require two or three search box fields to be filled out.

If you wish to search for one word or phrase in a title, you would enter the words you wish to search for in the box, then select “title” from the right-hand drop box, and on the left-hand drop box select “all of the words” and click once on the gray search button. Your search will return resources with the words you entered, but not necessarily in the order you entered them.

If you wish to limit your search to an exact phrase, select “the phrase” from the left-hand drop box.

If you wish to search for some of the words, select “some of the words” from the drop box on the left-hand side of the search box(es).

To search for multiple phrases or words, enter them in separate search boxes and then select which fields (title, author, topic, neighborhood, city/town, county, state) from the drop-down menu on the right-hand side of the search boxes.

Searching using multiple phrases is helpful if, for example, you are searching for a specific article and you knew the author’s name and some of the words in the title. To conduct this search, you would enter the author’s name in the first search box, then select “author” from the right-hand drop-box then you would enter the words from the title you remember in the second search box, select “title” from the right-hand drop box, then select “some of the words” from the left-hand drop box. After you have done this, click the gray “Search” button once.

To limit the date range of search results, you may use the two boxes with “YYYY” in them underneath the three search boxes. Enter a full, four-digit year (1999, 2002, etc) in the left box. This year will be the oldest date you want your search to return. Enter another full, four-digit year in the right box for the newest date you want your search to return. Search results will return results published from the year on the left through the year on the right.

If you need your search to return works that have only been peer reviewed, you may also check the box next to “peer reviewed only” by clicking the square once to limit the search. Peer reviewed works are often of a scholarly nature, edited and reviewed by professionals in a given field to ensure quality.

By checking the box next to “Search fulltext if available” the search engine will look in documents for the search terms you entered. Only some resources on KCResearch can be fulltext searched.

Advanced search also allows you to use the effective searching tips discussed above in the SEARCH section.

On the Advanced search page, you will find that you also have the option to browse by subject or conduct a basic search on the left-hand navigation menu.

Viewing Results

After you click search, either from the basic search or from the advanced search forms, the server will direct you to a page listing results. These results are the documents that the database has pulled up for you, matching your search terms.

Search results are also produced after clicking one of the blue hyperlinks when browsing by topic.

Resources are automatically ranked by relevancy, or how accurate the document is to the search terms you entered or the subject you are browsing. However, resources may also be sorted in several other ways:

  • Title sorts results in alphabetical order according to the title.
  • Type sorts results by what type of resource it is, grouping together maps, articles, reports, etc.
  • Author sorts results in alphabetical order by the author of the resource.
  • Date sorts the results by listing the most recently published resources first.
  • To sort search results in any of the following ways, click once on the desired sort function on the left-hand navigation menu.

Search/Browse results may also be narrowed down in several ways, as displayed in the left-hand navigation menu. There are four general ways to narrow a search:

  • Topic narrows down a search based on specific categories that describe the content of the resources.
  • Resource Type narrows down a search to a specific type of resource like maps, articles, reports, etc.
  • Geographic Coverage narrows down a search for resources that pertain to a certain geographic area. Areas may be as specific as certain neighborhoods, cities/towns or broader localities like counties and states. As mentioned in the Advanced Search help, the geographic coverage region consists of towns and neighborhoods within Platte, Clay, Ray, Jackson, Cass, Miami, Johnson (Ks.), Wyandotte, and Leavenworth counties in the Kansas City Metropolitan region.
  • Format narrows down a search based on the file format such as PDF, JPEG, DOC, HTML/Text, etc.

The blue hyperlinks listed underneath each way of narrowing a search are called facets. Facets may be combined, but also taken away by clicking the minus inside the parentheses (-) next to the facet on the left-hand side of your search results or underneath the “Current Search” heading at the top of your results page.

Each resource is listed with a generic icon on the left-hand side that indicates the file format for the item. The title is a blue hyperlink that when clicked on will take you to the page for the item. Above each title is a download link in orange text. You may also download the resource from the item page, if allowed.

Viewing Items

To view an item page from the search results page, click the title, which should be a blue hyperlink text.
A new page will display, providing a detailed record for the chosen item. The title will display first, and if available, the first page of the document. Underneath the picture, in a gray box are an icon and the text “Download Resource.” Clicking on the text will download the item.

Your browser might open the document (especially if it is a PDF) in another tab or window. You may download it from the in-browser viewer by clicking the “save” icon, which is a small floppy disc in the upper left-hand corner. By saving it, the resource will be stored on your computer’s hard drive, so that you may access it at your leisure without searching or browsing through KCResearch again.

If your browser does not do this, a window asking you to download (either open the file or save the file) should pop-up, and your computer will download the file to your computer either way.

Due to copyright restrictions and permissions, not all resources on KCResearch may be downloaded. However, for these resources KCResearch provides a link to the resource or to the website of the organization or person that authored the resource. The link to view sources that appear on websites may be accessed by clicking once on the blue link text that says “Click here to view document.”


KCResearch wants to encourage researchers to engage in conversation and communication about the resources and issues we feature on the site and in the database. On the page for each resource there is an opportunity to discuss the item through commenting.

We recommend using a subject (title) for a comment post, but it is not required. In the comment field enter your thoughts, and please be mindful and respectful of others when posting comments.

In the comment field, all URLs and e-mail addresses automatically become hyperlinks. You may also format your post using markdown syntax and markdown extras. Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

In order for comments to be approved, you must enter the captcha, which is a specialized code used by many websites to prevent automated spam postings. You may opt to listen to the captcha by clicking the speaker icon in the black captcha box, or generate a new one if you experience difficulty reading it by clicking the oval made of two arrows.

Topic Guides and User Guides


Topic Guides highlight resources on topics such as Business and Economics, Education, Land Use and Planning, Law Enforcement, and the Environment by offering questions that the resources provided in each topic guide will answer.
Topic Guides can be further broken down into sub-categories that contain more specific resources.
Most of the Topic Guides link to other websites with more detailed information and resources on a topic. The links will direct you to other resources, which will open up a new tab or browser window or ask you to download the resource if it is a downloadable file.


User guides are a way of helping out researchers with information that may not necessarily be research about Kansas City, but will help build stronger communities by enabling researchers to achieve specific goals.

KCResearch includes User Guides with access to information regarding local grants, new entrepreneurship, and useful

Submitting Research

If you find something that is not yet on KCResearch and you think it would make an appropriate addition to our database, please submit it for consideration.

By clicking the “Submit Research” link on the top navigation bar, you will find a form to fill out to submit a work for consideration.

We prefer that you fill out all fields so that we can properly catalog and index the resource in our database. But the required fields are your name, your e-mail address, and the resource itself, which must be uploaded. It is also recommended that you provide a title for the resource, a brief description of the resource, any groups or individuals that sponsored the research, if it has been published elsewhere, and if you are the owner of the copyright.

If you are not the owner of the copyright, please provide information—if known—about who does for us in the “Description” field.

When you have filled out all the necessary fields, click the submit button at the bottom once.

Content submitted to KCResearch is not automatically added to the repository. It is first reviewed by a librarian to ensure that it is appropriate for the collection. If selected, additional keywords are added to make it easier to find and then it is uploaded to the repository. For questions on this process, please email .


If you would like to know when new resources enter the repository you may subscribe to an RSS feed, which will update every time we add a new resource.

To subscribe to new resources click the “Subscribe” icon and it will take you to a page where you must select how you wish to track the RSS feed. Some browsers, like Mozilla Firefox, allow for live bookmarks, which lists new resources as a button underneath the address bar of the browser window. You may also opt to subscribe through Yahoo!, Google Reader, Google Homepage, Bloglines or another application you may have for keeping track of RSS feeds.

You may also click the orange RSS button (the little square with radiating arcs) at the bottom of any page on KCResarch to subscribe to the New Items feed.

Institutional Guide

KCResearch has thousands of resources created by hundreds of different institutions and people at those institutions. Would you like to know more about the institutions that produce the resources seen in KCResearch?

The institutions that KCResearch gets resources from are as varied as the resources themselves. This list highlights many of the college departments, government agencies, cities, counties, towns, organizations and school districts that have generated documents, maps, reports and data found in KCResearch.

This guide exists to help you find out where some of the research comes from and how to contact them by linking to their websites. We have broken down our institutions in to several categories and sub-categories for your browsing ease.

In each section you will find a links to a list of the resources created by each institution in KCResearch in addition to a link to each creator's website.

This list highlights institutions that have two or more resources available in KCResearch, but may grow as our collection does.

Colleges and Universities

Not only does the Kansas City area host several colleges and universities including the Metropolitan Community College System and University of Missouri Kansas City (UMKC) but it is located within two hours of three major research universities: Kansas State University, University of Kansas and the University of Missouri.

All of the above institutions have contributed valuable resources to KCResearch with their efforts to strengthen the local research community. To learn more about the research initiatives of each college, department or office please visit their websites or check out the resources KCResearch holds. The top heading for each school will link directly to their homepage.

Kansas State University

The University of Kansas

University of Missouri

University of Missouri - Kansas City

Metropolitan Community Colleges of Kansas City

Companies, Nonprofits, and Organizations

Many of the resources in KCResearch come from an assortment of different institutions that are not affiliated with the government or colleges and universities. Rather, they are resources generated by organizations, philanthropic foundations, corporations, nonprofits, and other groups conducting research or providing information that might be helpful to researchers.

These institutions have contributed resources to KCResearch. While many of them are local interests, others have state-wide and national concerns with select resources pertinent to the regional research landscape. These documents have been generated for numerous purposes aside from inclusion in KCResearch. For more information on each institution click on its name; to browse the resources we have, click "In KCResearch."

Government Institutions

Government agencies of all levels contribute some of the most abundant collections of resources to KCResearch. We keep documents from the smallest local governments all the way up to federal government departments. They are as varied as city budgets and area plans to maps, census data and statistical reports that include information relevant to the Kansas City Metropolitan Area.

Kansas City is also home to several regional offices for national government departments like the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Census Bureau, and The Federal Reserve Board. So not only are government institutions important to regional life, they are crucial to the local research landscape.

For this guide we have divided up the government institutions by local, state and national agencies with a special section for the City of Kansas City, Missouri departments since the repository holds a significant number of documents for each department. Additionally, several local school districts have produced resources that we have included in KCResearch.

City of Kansas City, Missouri

Local Government

State Government

United States Government

School Districts